The Most Common Questions About STDs

Questions about STDs

An infection transmitted through sexual contact, caused by bacteria, viruses, or parasites. There are dozens of STDs. Some STDs, such as syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia, are spread mainly by sexual contact. Other diseases, including Zika and Ebola, can be spread sexually but are more often spread through ways other than sex.

STD” is the most commonly used term for the collection of medical infections that are transmitted through sexual contact. But that’s just the thing. People who become infected, don’t always experience any symptoms or have their infectiondevelop into a disease. That’s where the more modern term “STI” comes from.
STDs are sexually transmitted diseases. This means they are most often — but not exclusively — spread by sexual intercourse. HIV, chlamydia, genital herpes, genital warts, gonorrhea, some forms of hepatitis, syphilis, and trichomoniasis are STDs. STDs used to be called venereal diseases or VD.
HPV (Human Papillomavirus) Nearly every sexually active person will have HPV at some point. It is the most common sexually-transmitted infection in the U.S. More than 40 types of HPV can be spread sexually.
Some curable STDs can be dangerous if they aren’t treated. For example, if left untreated, chlamydia and gonorrhea can make it difficult—or even impossible—for a woman to get pregnant. You also increase your chances of getting HIV if you have an untreated STD. Some STDs, like HIV, can be fatal if left untreated.
STD stands for sexually transmitted disease—but you probably knew that part already. “STD” is the most commonly used term for the collection of medical infections that are transmitted through sexual contact. But that’s just the thing. … The distinction is that an STI doesn’t always mean you have an STD.
Types of STDs
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Hepatitis viruses.
  • Herpex simplex virus.
  • Chlamydia.
  • Gonorrhea.
  • Syphilis.
  • Trichomoniasis.
Yes, you can catch herpes just from kissing someone on the mouth. And while experts believe the risk of catching HIV (the virus that causes AIDS) from kissing is low, someone who has a cut or sore in the mouth has a chance of infection during open-mouthed kissing.
Treatments for Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) … Bacterial STDs can be cured with antibiotics if treatment begins early enough. Viral STDs cannot be cured, but you can manage symptoms with medications. There is a vaccine against hepatitis B, but it will not help if you already have the disease.
STDs caused by bacteria can be treated and often cured with antibiotics. … STDscaused by viruses can be controlled, but not cured. If you get a viral STD, you will always have it. Some viral STDs include HIV/AIDS, genital herpes, genital warts, human papilloma virus (HPV), hepatitis B virus, and cytomegalovirus.
Sometimes, there are no symptoms of STDsIf symptoms are present, they may include one or more of the following: Bumps, sores, or warts near the mouth, anus, penis, or vagina. Swelling or redness near the penis or vagina.
Symptoms usually appear 2 to 3 weeks after first becoming infected, but could start earlier or much later. They include: one or more small painless sores or ulcers on the genitals. a blotchy rash and flu-like symptoms that may follow a few weeks later.
But for those who do, signs and symptoms may occur several weeks after exposure and may include:
  • Fatigue.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Abdominal pain or discomfort, especially in the area of your liver on your right side beneath your lower ribs.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Fever.
  • Dark urine.
  • Muscle or joint pain.
  • Itching.
Common STD symptoms in men:
  • Being asymptomatic or experiencing no symptoms at all.
  • Blisters on or around penis.
  • Spots, bumps or lesions on the penis.
  • Discharge (clear, white, or yellow)
  • Oozing from the tip of the penis (thick or thin)
  • Painful urination.
  • Painful ejaculation.
  • Itching on the tip of the penis.
Chlamydia symptoms in men
  1. Small amounts of clear or cloudy discharge from the tip of the penis.
  2. Painful urination.
  3. Burning and itching around the opening of the penis.
  4. Pain and swelling around the testicles.
Common STD symptoms in women:
  • No symptoms.
  • Discharge (thick or thin, milky white, yellow, or green leakage from the vagina)
  • Vaginal itching.
  • Vaginal blisters or blisters in the genital area (the region covered by underwear)
  • Vaginal rash or rash in the genital area.
  • Burning urination.
  • Painful urination.
  • Pain during intercourse.
Chlamydia is easily cured with antibiotics. … Chlamydia cannot kill you, but in some cases, tubal pregnancies, called ectopic pregnancies, can be fatal. Chlamydiainfection can also be passed to the newborn during delivery. Men whose chlamydiainfection goes untreated can develop sore, swollen testicles.
In that case, treatment includes antibiotics that kill both chlamydia and gonorrhea. For more information, see the topic Gonorrhea . … Repeated chlamydia infections increase the risk for pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). Even one infection can lead to PID without proper treatment.
When symptoms do appear they may show up as early as two days after exposure, or take as long as one month. Syphilis: The chancre characteristic of the first stage of syphilis appears, on average, twenty-one days after infection, but may appear anytime between 10 to 90 days after exposure to the bacterium.
Chlamydia is the most commonly reported sexually transmitted disease (STD) in the U.S. It is an infection with the bacteria known as Chlamydia trachomatis. Chlamydiais very similar to gonorrhea in its symptoms and pattern of transmission.
Some bacterial STDs include chlamydiagonorrheatrichomoniasis, and syphilis. STDs caused by viruses can be controlled, but not cured. If you get a viral STD, you will always have it. Some viral STDs include HIV/AIDSgenital herpesgenital warts,human papilloma virus (HPV), hepatitis B virus, and cytomegalovirus.
There is a common misconception that if you sleep with someone with an STDyou will automatically get that STD the first time. That isn’t true. Still, people often use that belief as a reason to continue not using condoms or other forms of protection after they’ve slipped up.
Yes, You Can Get a Sexually Transmitted Infection Without Having Sex! … Reportable STIs include HIV, gonorrhea, Chlamydia, and syphilis. The fact that these diseases are transmitted via sex doesn’t mean it’s the only way you can get them.
If 2 people who don’t have any STDs have sex, then it’s not possible for either of them to get one. … But just because someone says they‘re a virgin doesn’t necessarily mean they don’t have an STDSTDs are not only passed through genital-to-genital contact. Unprotected oral sex can also lead to STDs.
Many disease-causing organisms can survive for only a short time on the surface of the seat, and for an infection to occur, the germs would have to be transferred from the toilet seat to your urethral or genital tract, or through a cut or sore on the buttocks or thighs, which is possible but very unlikely.
Left untreated, syphilis can kill, and gonorrhea can cause infertility. Non-viral STDs, like chlamydia and gonorrhea, can be cured. However, they usually don’t have symptoms, or symptoms can come and go, making it seem like an infection wentaway when it actually didn’t.
Ectopic pregnancy can be fatal. STDs in women also may be associated with cervical cancer. Human papillomavirus infection (HPV) can cause genital warts and cervical and other genital cancers. … Some of these newborn infections can be cured easily, but others may cause a baby to be permanently disabled or even die.
Left untreated, syphilis can kill, and gonorrhea can cause infertility. Non-viral STDs, like chlamydia and gonorrhea, can be cured. However, they usually don’t have symptoms, or symptoms can come and go, making it seem like an infection went away when it actually didn’t. … “Do STDs go away?” isn’t the right question.
Treatment
  1. Antibiotics. Antibiotics, often in a single dose, can cure many sexually transmitted bacterial and parasitic infections, including gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia and trichomoniasis. …
  2. Antiviral drugs. You’ll have fewer herpes recurrences if you take daily suppressive therapy with a prescription antiviral drug.
How do I know if someone has a sexually transmitted disease (STD)? While some sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) may present with symptoms such as sores or ulcers or discharge, most, unfortunately, have no symptoms. You can’t always tell ifyou or a partner has an STD just by looking.
Of these 8 infections, 4 are currently curable: syphilis, gonorrhoeachlamydia andtrichomoniasis. The other 4 are viral infections and are incurable: hepatitis B,herpes simplex virus (HSV or herpes), HIV, and human papillomavirus (HPV).
The bacterial STDs gonorrhea and chlamydia are both associated with vaginal burning. Chlamydia is the most commonly occurring STD among women and often occurs simultaneously with gonorrhea in what is called a “co-infection.” Bothinfections can be cured when treated with antibiotics, often in a single dose.
Chlamydia and gonorrhea screening is done either through a urine test or through a swab inside the penis in men or from the cervix in women. The sample is then analyzed in a laboratory. Screening is important, because if you don’t have signs or symptoms, you can be unaware that you have either infection.
HPV (Human Papillomavirus) Nearly every sexually active person will have HPV at some point. It is the most common sexually-transmitted infection in the U.S. More than 40 types of HPV can be spread sexually.

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Written by STDsSTIs

STDsSTIs is here to help people think, discuss and take responsible action on some of life’s biggest decisions – ones that often don’t get enough attention. We help raise the tough questions and ask young people to consider what really makes sense for them. Together, we can help Coloradans lead healthier lives and raise healthier families.

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