Sexually Transmitted Disease or STD is infectious and is transmitted through practicing unsafe and unhealthy sex.
The STD is generally caused by viruses, bacteria, parasite, and yeast. There are almost twenty types of sexually transmitted diseases that affect both males and females.
But there are few infectious that might have a more severe effect on female than males. STD caught during pregnancy can be very harmful to the unborn baby.
Every year, in America alone there are 20 million new cases of STDs that affects people in the age group of 15-25 years.
What causes STD?
STD is a serious issue and must be dealt with immediate medication. HIV is also an STD which till date has no cure and ultimately causes death.
Sexually transmitted diseases are infectious and are transmitted from one person to another through contact.
By having unprotected sex or not using a condom while having sex
Having more than a single sex partner
Trading sex for drugs or money
Using shared or infectious needles for intravenous drugs
Having sex with a person already infected with STD
Apart from the above STDs can be transmitted through a moist towel, toilet seats or clothing of an infected person, although this is not common, yet being cautious is a form of prevention.
Some people believe that STDs are transmitted only through vaginal sex, but that’s not true. STDs can be transmitted through Oral sex, Anal Sex, and Vaginal sex as well.
STDs like genital Herpes, Chlamydia or Gonorrhea are caused by bacterial infections and can be treated through antibiotics.
While STDs caused by viruses like HIV or HPV infections cannot be treated through medicines.
Therefore, executing caution and observing good and healthy sex practice is the best way to avoid getting infections or transmitting infection.
How to get tested for STD?
Often people feel hesitant to talk about STDs with family or friends or even doctors. But there is no other way to know about STD than getting tested.
Most STDs have no symptoms and you cannot tell unless your doctor or nurse to perform lab STD testing.
TO know on how to get tested for STD, your doctor or medical practitioner will do one or more of these tests:
Urine Test: You will be required to give an early morning urine sample for a test. The sample is then tested in the laboratory to know the nature of the infection and the extent of infection. Based on the report your doctor may give your oral or injectable antibiotics or local crimes.
Blood Test: In this test, you will be required to give a blood sample either through a prick in the finger or by drawing blood from your veins. The sample is tested in laboratory and results are derived, accordingly, your doctors will advise medications.
Swab Test: For a swab test, a piece of swab will be rubbed in your cheek or vagina to collect a sample, it’s a bit painful, but certain infections can only be known through a swab test. Your nurse or doctor will know the best method.
When to go for an STD test?
Although most STDs won’t show any symptoms until the infection gets very severe or worse. But in general there are few marks that you must know and if you observe any one or more of these on you or your partner, consult your doctor immediately.
- Unpleasant discharge from penis or vagina
- Pain, itching or swelling in vagina, anus, penis or vulva.
- A difficulty with burning sensation when passing urine.
- Bumps and sores around genitals, butt, and thighs
- Symptoms of flu, like fever, fatigue, swollen glands, etc.
These symptoms may or may not indicate STDs, it can be a UTI or common flu but only your doctor or nurse can tell that for sure after performing a test.
Don’t get scared to talk to your doctor. If you have had unprotected sex or observe any of these symptoms in you or your partner it’s time you must go see a doctor.
STD test services
Millions of teens and youth are affected by STDs every year. Most of the time people are embarrassed to go out and talk to someone while they feel too shy to consult a doctor.
Keeping this in mind, most of the test clinics are now providing special STD test services that will keep your identity anonymous.
Also, there are at home STD testing services that enable you to give your sample from your home and get your results at home too.
These easy and confidential STD test services have made it easier for teens and young men and women to take charge of their health and get proper medical attention in case of need.
Since the identity is never disclosed and your test results are provided to you directly through mail or online, you have no worries of facing any kind of social awkwardness.
Such Anonymous STD test or at-home STD testing is very easy and convenient. You get the test results within 48 hours and you can also get an instant one-time appointment with a specialist near you.
Knowledge is the best tools towards overcoming any difficulty and so is with STDs. You must be aware of the signs and symptoms of STDs and how to prevent and cure them in order to remain safe and healthy.
There is a number of publications and videos and other materials that are available over the internet and in libraries that can help you know more about STD.
Condoms are safe to prevent infection and they are available for both males and females. There are several antibiotics comes that helps to prevent small infections by an application on and around the affected areas but they are available only on prescription.
A doctor or your nurse may prescribe other drugs like oral medicines or injections that contain, antibiotics, anti-bacterial, and germicides to help cure your situation.
However there are few germicides that you can get OTC as well, but its advice to always consult your doctor before taking any medicines.
Apart from using condoms for safe sex practice, CDC has been working vigorously for more than 50 years to educate people in the United States of America to help prevent STD.
Special programs and seminars are conducted regularly in and around America. Exclusive STD prevention and cure programs are conducted in Colleges and Universities as well.
Provider Pocket guide:
It’s a precise and knowledgeable guide published with CDC providing thorough insight on the signs and symptoms, prevention and cure of STDs.
It also provides you a list of STD test clinics near you while giving you contacts of doctors and nurses in and around your area.
It’s a very handy and helpful guise that parents can give to their teens to help educate them towards STD.
STD Prevention and Success stories It’s another publication by CDC that tells you about real-life people who have successfully overcome their STD and how they did it.
It not only educates you but motivates you to take all necessary steps to take care of yourself and your partner.
How to Prevent STD
Although not all type of STDs can be prevented if contacted in ways other than mentioned above, like HIV or HPV.
But most STD caused by bacteria, gems, and the parasite can be easily prevented to spread by abstaining from sex or sexual activities including oral or anal sex until you are declared infection free by your doctor.
Vaccination for Hepatitis B and HPV are available and you must get the shots to safeguard yourself from the virus.
The vaccination is although included in the regular vaccine chart and is administered to everyone, but if you have not received your shots then get all three shots by contacting the department of health.
Along with these following steps must be practice to avoid getting STD infection or passing it on to someone else:
Know your partner. It’s better you know if your partner ever had STD before you make out. It’s a healthy practice and must be practiced without being judgmental.
Refrain from having sex with a person showing symptoms or signs of infection.
Clean the toilet seats when using public toilets.
Never use a used syringe.
Safe sex must be practice, avoid trading sex.
Ultimately it all depends on you, it’s your life and it’s your health that is at stake. It’s never too late to start afresh.
If you have had a history of STD, try to tell if you’re your partner before starting a relationship.
Transparency is respectful and must be respected. Speaking to parents or teachers, whom you are comfortable with, is a good idea.
Acquiring as much knowledge as possible on kinds of STDs and how they are spread can help prevent them too.
Also, regular health checkups must be done through your active sex life to keep you in good health and prevent any chances of getting the infection. After all, the earlier you detect, the easier would be the cure.