You probably need more information about hepatitis and – more importantly – how to treat it. Here is a brief overview of information about hepatitis, its therapy.
At the moment there are effective ways to treat chronic hepatitis.
Hepatitis is transmitted from one person to another by interacting with infected blood or other body fluids. In 85% of cases, the virus remains in the body for several years (this is known as a chronic infection) and slowly destroys the liver.
Chronic hepatitis has serious consequences, including cirrhosis and irreversible liver diseases, even liver cancer. If chronic hepatitis C is not treated, it can become a serious disease, but early diagnosis and adequate treatment in most patients lead to the destruction of the infection and full recovery.
Despite the fact that you probably already know a lot, take a few minutes to get new information about this disease, which greatly changes a life, and about treatment methods that can, in a significant number of cases, prevent the development of liver cirrhosis and other irreversible liver conditions in hepatitis C.
LEARN MORE ABOUT HEPATITIS
Hepatitis is a liver disease that causes the hepatitis virus (HCV). What lessons does the hepatitis C virus cause?
The hepatitis C virus can interact in different ways with the human body: in a certain number of cases, the virus is at rest in the liver without causing damage to it; in a number of people, the hepatitis virus causes chronic hepatitis, a long-lasting inflammatory damage to the liver; and in some (up to 20% with hepatitis C) at a later date (after 15andquot;20 years from infection) liver cirrhosis is formed; less likely to occur and hepatocellular carcinoma.
Many factors (drug use, excessive alcohol consumption, infection with several hepatitis viruses at once, etc.) contribute to the more frequent and more rapid progression of hepatitis and the development of liver cirrhosis.
WHAT IS THE DANGER OF A PERSON INFECTED BY THE HEPATITIS C VIRUS?
The presence of hepatitis C virus in the body is most often asymptomatic. Moreover, the development of chronic hepatitis and even the initial stages of cirrhosis often goes unnoticed precisely because of the absence of any complaints.
Usually, it is only in the advanced stages of cirrhosis that complaints arise that cause concern to the patient. Pains in the right hypochondrium and under the spoon, on the contrary, cannot indicate liver damage.
IS IT POSSIBLE TO CONTROL THE LIFE OF THE PROCESS IN THE LIVER?
Yes – it is usually sufficient to undergo a medical examination with the delivery of a biochemical blood test several times a year and perform an ultrasound of the liver annually. If hepatitis is detected and then once every 5-6 years by prescription, a puncture biopsy of the liver may be required, which allows for a more complete assessment of the liver damage pattern.
In this case, the attending physician will be able to early see the onset of liver damage by the virus and take the necessary measures in time.
Determination of some parameters of the virus (genotype, amount of virus in the body, the layout of viral markers) also makes it possible to predict the progression of hepatitis and predict the possible effectiveness of antiviral therapy.
DOES A DIET NEED?
A special diet for carriers of the hepatitis C virus is usually not required. Only the use of toxic substances, in the first place – alcohol is unacceptable. Diets should be followed by those who have the presence of the hepatitis C virus combined with the pathology of the biliary system (dyskinesias, cholecystitis, cholelithiasis).
Food, in this case, should be taken fractionally: in small portions 5 – 6 times a day; snacking often. From the diet should be excluded in unlimited quantities of fat and fried, as well as smoked meat, spicy and pickled.
In some cases, a special diet is needed for cirrhosis of the liver. The question of the need and composition of the diet should be addressed only by the attending physician. In no case can not independently decide on the admission of any additional drugs.
HOW DO INFLUENCE INFECTIONS ARE DRUG ADMISSION?
Powerful liver toxins are narcotic substances and organic solvents added in the process of their preparation (acetone, etc.). The action of drugs and solvents in itself causes changes in the liver up to cirrhosis, and in combination with the presence of the hepatitis C virus, this process is significantly accelerated.
When injecting drugs, it is possible for many other viruses to enter the body, including and new hepatitis viruses, which is a complex aggravate the course of hepatitis. With the cessation of alcohol and drug use, changes in the liver may be reversed – the liver is restored.
HOW DOES SMOKING WORK?
Smoking affects the state of the liver itself little. But it should be remembered that, firstly, cigarette smoke contains carcinogens that can contribute to the development of cancer, and secondly, in heavy smokers, the production of digestive enzymes and gallbladder emptying become nicotine-dependent, which often leads to bile stasis with discomfort under the spoon right hypochondrium.
METHODS OF TREATMENT OF HEPATITIS.
The goal of treating chronic hepatitis C is to reduce the amount of virus in the blood and slow the progression of the disease in order to prevent liver cirrhosis, irreversible liver changes, and other complications.
The basis of any modern therapy of chronic hepatitis is biological agents called alpha interferons. They are proteins that are produced by the human immune system in response to the ingestion of viruses. Interferons do not directly affect the virus but cause the release of certain chemicals that protect cells.
Interferons alpha can be changed by pegylation, which allows them to remain longer in the human body. The creation of pegylated interferons was the latest achievement in the treatment of chronic hepatitis C.
However, combination therapy involves the use of interferon alpha and ribavirin, which may be associated with serious side effects and cannot be used in some patients, such as pregnant women or men whose partners are pregnant. If you need information about possible treatments, talk to your doctor who treats hepatitis. He will tell you in more detail about existing treatments.
In addition, you need to know when to start therapy. This issue is covered in the section Benefits of Early Treatment.
ADVANTAGES OF EARLY BEGINNING THERAPY
If the doctor considers it necessary to prescribe a patient for hepatitis therapy, it is necessary to discuss the existing treatment methods with the patient. Therapy can be associated with physical, mental and even emotional stress.
If the patient begins treatment, being in good physical shape, being determined, with constant support, and having the necessary information resources at his disposal, this will help to cope with all possible difficulties.
Even if the patient is not a candidate for drug therapy, maintaining a healthy lifestyle can help strengthen the immune system, health, and overall well-being.
The patient needs to ask the attending physician about the possibility of vaccination against hepatitis A and B viruses in order to protect against these viruses, which are also harmful.
It is important to remember – it is necessary to discuss possible ways of treatment as early as possible, even if the symptoms of the disease do not appear, in many cases the symptoms do not appear until the liver can be seriously damaged. If a patient is recently diagnosed with hepatitis, of course, a lot of questions arise.
FACTS AND MYTHS ABOUT HEPATITIS
Monthly dozens of publications in the press are devoted to Hepatitis, new methods of treatment are proposed, which, according to the authors of advertising, are able to solve all the problems of the patient at once.
IS HEPATITIS A REALLY A SERIOUS PROBLEM PRESENTING A THREAT TO HUMANITY?
Hepatitis is indeed a very common disease. The number of patients in the world is determined by the number of approximately 170 million people.
However, cirrhosis of the liver in the outcome of chronic hepatitis develops in 20-25% of those infected. The primary task of the physician is to determine how great is the risk of disease progression in a particular patient in order to select the optimal tactics.
HOW CAN YOUR INFECT HEPATITIS?
The main route of infection with the virus is contacted with infected blood. Less commonly, the virus is sexually transmitted. Accordingly, the risk groups include drug addicts who use intravenous drugs; persons who received blood transfusions; patients on hemodialysis (apparatus “artificial kidney”); Persons with multiple unprotected sex; children born to mothers of the virus.
However, the path of infection may not always be traced. You can get infected by a dentist, and when performing piercings or tattoos in non-sterile conditions.
Due to the nature of the virus, “hiding” from the immune system, acute hepatitis becomes chronic in 80-85% of cases. At the same time, hepatitis often proceeds hidden and therefore is not recognized.
CAN YOU UNDERSTAND IN YOUR SENSES WHAT ARE YOU SICK OF HEPATITIS?
Unfortunately not. This, however, applies to other liver diseases. Often you have to listen: I was prescribed such and such medicine, and my liver stopped hurting. Yes, that’s the problem that the liver does not hurt! It simply does not have receptors that perceive pain.
They are present in the capsule (pain occurs when liver injury) and in the wall of the large bile ducts. Dysfunction of the biliary tract, causing pain or heaviness in the right hypochondrium, may accompany chronic hepatitis, but is not directly related to it.
IS THERE ANY ANALYSIS TO ALLOW CONFIRM OR DEVELOP HAZARDS?
Now, in most medical institutions, you can take the test for antibodies to the hepatitis virus. The presence of antibodies indicates that the body has had contact with the virus, and more than that. Therefore, in this case, you should contact the specialized institution where a full examination will be carried out:
a biochemical blood test, a test for the presence, qualitative and quantitative characteristics of the virus, a liver biopsy is performed if necessary, that is, a piece of liver tissue is taken for a special study to determine the severity of inflammation. and the stage of hepatitis.
Often, an ultrasound examination of the liver and an endoscopic examination of the upper digestive tract are carried out to establish the stage of the disease.
AND LATER – WHAT TIPS CAN BE GIVEN TO THE PERSON WHO HERE HEPATITIS DETECTED?
Do not panic. Do not buy into “miraculous” advertising. Do not finish off your liver with alcohol, fats, or intake of little-studied dietary supplements.
Contact a medical institution whose doctors have real experience in treating this disease. Remember – the possibilities of modern medicine can not only stop the progression of hepatitis but also to achieve a complete cure.